What fall prevention measures should you take? It’s a global issue which is more and more often the subject of studies by professionals in the health sector. We offer you some possible solutions, without aiming to be exhaustive.
The prevention of falls as a medical problem has to be approached globally. This requires the involvement of all parties, from the family to the caregivers and the management of the institution. It has to be rolled out as a common effort.
But no one can achieve the impossible: the cause of falls is complex because it’s multifactorial. Whether in a nursing home or in a hospital, you should start by identifying the risks.
Most of the time, it’s a mixture of intrinsic (due to the person’s aging, behavior) and extrinsic factors (inappropriate medication, inadequate environment).
Good resolutions for preventing falls
In order to support institutions in implementing fall prevention measures, local needs and limiting and promoting factors should be taken into account.
Include all parties involved
It’s important that all employees, residents, family members, volunteers, etc. of each department are involved in the development, implementation and integration of an effective and efficient fall and fracture prevention policy.
Put together a fall prevention team
Successful fall prevention requires a good fall prevention team led by a fall prevention coordinator.
Since the resident is always the center of attention, fall prevention measures should always take into account the risk factors, but also the needs of each patient.
Fall prevention tools
Integrating these actions into the daily activities of all employees will ensure that the various fall prevention actions become a habit:
- By identifying the problem for each patient in order to personalize the care.
- By motivating people: the institution has to maintain awareness/training pressure.
- By promoting communication between the different professions.
All opportunities to learn are good: there are no mistakes or faults, there are only opportunities to improve.
In most cases, an artificial intelligence-based system like ISA is the top solution. But certain tools can already make things easier:
Each institution is required to establish a register of falls. There is no standard template, but it’s helpful to record some data:
- Name of the resident
- Date of the fall
- Hour of the fall
- Place of the fall
- Consequence of the fall
- Probable cause of the fall
This would make it possible to analyze things better afterwards and to take adequate preventive measures: rearrangement of the room, patient awareness of how to get up, etc.
Did you know that ISA allows you to preview falls? It is therefore a real contribution to a falls register.
Finally, here is the list of 10 reflexes to prevent falls in the room of an elderly person:
- Place walking aids within easy reach of the patient
- Leave the means of communication close at hand
- Ensure they are wearing glasses
- Ensure they are always wearing proper shoes
- Engage the bed and wheelchair brakes to prevent unwanted movement
- Develop an obstacle-free environment, the room should not be cluttered
- Avoid dimly lit rooms, ensure sufficient brightness
- Engage the bed barriers and/restraint if a medical prescription requires it
- Report standing water in common areas
- Arrange the wheelchairs on the same side in the hallway
Room exit checklist
A checklist containing all of the essential recommendations in case a patient leaves the room, can be implemented.
There’s a practical tool for the prevention of falls for nurses, which you can download in our documentation section.